Mesudiye was built as an ironclad at Thames Iron Works in England and launched in 1974, and was later modernized as a pre-dreadnought class. She saw action both during both Balkan wars in 1912 and 1913, and in September 1914 when she was sent to the Dardanelles to protect the mine fields and guard the entrance there. Despite protests from both Captain Besiktasli Arif Nebi and other officers, they had to follow orders and set sail. 13.December 1914 the British submarine B-11 sailed towards Dardanelles, and spotted Mesudiye at Nara in the narrows. From approx 750 meter she launched a torpedo which hit Mesudiye in the stern section. Ten minutes later she capsized and sank in shallow waters. 37 men of the crew perished. The wreck was later salvaged and scrapped on site, and its not much left of this historic ship. Some scattered remains of her rest today on a depth of 12 to 28 meter outside Canakkale.

Former names:

331,5 x 59,0 x 25,1 f
Tons: Built: Home Port:
8938 grt London ( UK ) 1874 Canakkale ( TR )

Picture: Mesudiye after modernization in 1910
Wikipedia, Public domain
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"Mesudiye was a ironclad of the Ottoman Navy, one of the largest ships of that type ever built. She was built at the Thames Iron Works in Britain between 1871 and 1875. She had one sister ship, though she was purchased by the Royal Navy and commissioned as HMS Superb. Her primary armament consisted of twelve 10-inch (250 mm) guns in a central armored battery. Mesudiye was poorly maintained for most of her career, including a twenty-year long period between the Russo-Turkish War in 1877–78 and the Greco-Turkish War of 1897. As a result, she was in very poor condition by the late 1890s, which prompted a major reconstruction of her into a pre-dreadnought design type vessel in Genoa. The ship's armament was overhauled, though the gun turrets that were to have mounted 230 mm (9 in) guns never received the weapons. A new propulsion system was also installed, which significantly improved performance. The ship saw extensive action during the First Balkan War in 1912–13"

Last updated: August 2019