U 85

North Carolina,North America

U 85 was laid down at Flender Werke in Lübeck i 1939, and put in service under Oberleutnant Eberhard Greger in October 1941 in 3.Unterseeboot Flotille. She was ordered to participate in operation Pauchenslag, assault on merchant shipping on the American east coast. U 85 got the doubtful honor of being the first uboat sunk in this area when she came under fire from the destroyer USS Roper 14.April 1942. USS Roper attacked her on the surface which was heavily damaged from battle earlier, and the crew started to abandon ship. The destroyer continued the shooting despite this with machine-guns and depth charges even after she was starting to sink. When they returned the following morning, they found only dead Germans floating in the water. The wreck rest on a depth of 25 to 30 meter with the conning tower as the shallowest part approx four nautical miles outside the coast, east of Nags Head.

Former names:
U 85

66,5 x 6,2 x 4,7 m
Tons: Built: Home Port:
753 displ ( surfaced ) Lübeck ( D ) 1939 ( D )

35°54'48.28" N  75°17'12.98" W

Picture of U48, type VIIB:
  Courtesy of uboat.net

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"From 28 August, the gruppe Markgraf is deployed SW of Iceland on the North Atlantic convoy route. The deployment is known to the Allied by Ultra and the following convoys are re-routed around the U-boat concentration : ON-10, ON-11, SC-41, HX-146 and HX-147. While the patrol line does not seem to find any convoy, the BdU decides to disperse the patrol line over a larger area. This order is decoded by Ultra, but the exact positions of the U-boats are not known. The convoys ON-12, HX-148 and SC-43 can make a much wider detour but SC-42 is trapped by a storm and the ice barrier and can not avoid being detected by U-85. U-85 attacks at once but has no success. Other boats come up and attack at night. U-81, U-82 and U-432 sink one ship each, U-652 damages two ships, one of which is finished off by U-372"